Working paper 35-Agricultural Policy-Making in Sub Saharan Africa: CAADP Progress in Kenya

Author(s):  Betty Kibaara, Raphael Gitau, Simon Kimenju, James Nyoro, Michael Bruntrup, Roukayatou Zimmermann


Introduction

In the past few years, agriculture has regained prominence on the African policy agenda. A novel aspect in this respect is the increased importance attached to regional and continental levels to foster agricultural development. At the core of this initiative is the New Economic Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), which is an integrated socio-economic development framework for Africa.

NEPAD is designed to address the current challenges facing the African continent such as the escalating poverty levels, underdevelopment and the continued marginalisation of Africa. It is a new vision pursuing Africa’s renewal which is spearheaded by African leaders.

The primary objectives of NEPAD are: to eradicate poverty; place African countries, both individually and collectively, on a path of sustainable growth and development; halt the marginalization of Africa in the globalization process and enhance its full and beneficial integration into the global economy; and accelerate the empowerment of women (NEPAD, 2003).

The priority sectors for policy reforms and increased investments are: agriculture, human development, information and communications, infrastructure, energy, transport, water and sanitation, and the environment. Two initiatives of NEPAD, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) and the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), are the most important pan-African initiatives concerning agricultural policies and institutions in Sub-Sahara Africa, with CAADP for the agricultural sector policies.

To foster agricultural development, NEPAD launched CAADP. The objective of CAADP is to help African countries reach a higher path of economic growth through agriculturally-led development which eliminates hunger, reduces poverty and food insecurity, and enables expansion of exports. It is an approach, rather than actual programmes, to be integrated into national efforts to promote agricultural sector growth and economic development.

The common framework is reflected in a set of key principles and targets defined by the Heads of State and Government. The CAADP initiative takes a continent-wide view, but builds on national and regional plans for the development of agriculture. It is a manifestation of African commitment to address issues of growth in the agricultural sector, rural development and food security and has been instrumental in bringing agriculture back to the centre stage of economic development and poverty alleviation.

Kenya is one of the African countries that bought in the CAADP process. CAADP is supposed to provide a framework for agriculture development and integrate into the national policy making process. The overall objective of this study is therefore to understand the extent to which CAADP could be integrated to utilize key drivers of positive change.

Specific objectives of the study are;

(i) Assess the extent to which the current domestic policies incorporate the key aspects of CAADP and the extent to which it may have influenced local processes and frameworks; and

(ii) Identify and assess how the CAADP process can be more integrated with national policy processes, with particular attention to the information needs of policy-making.

 

Agricultural Policy-Making in Sub Saharan Africa: CAADP Progress in Kenya