Working paper 38-Impacts of Usaid/Kenya supported Agricultural Productivity Interventions on Household Income and Poverty Reduction

Author(s):  James F. Oehmke, Thom S. Jayne, Sarma B. Aralas, and Mary K. Mathenge


Introduction

Agriculture is receiving increased importance in the development agenda following the food price and financial challenges of 2008 and the renewed emphasis on achieving Millennium Development Goal (MDG) targets of cutting poverty and hunger in half by 2015. In June, 2009 President Obama committed the United States Government (USG) to increasing its level of support to achieve MDG targets in those areas of the world with significant poverty and hunger.

A particular emphasis is on Africa and African agriculture because of Africa’s high rural poverty rates. Meeting MDG targets for sub-Saharan Africa requires significantly increased resources. Commensurate with these funding levels are increased needs to quantify and document the impact of USG-funded interventions on poverty reduction.

This paper presents the results of an impact assessment of three USAID/Kenya supported interventions to reduce poverty in Africa: the Kenya Dairy Development Program (KDDP), Kenya Maize Development Program (KMDP) and Kenya Horticultural Development Program (KHDP). The next section of this paper briefly describes the programs.

The third section examines the causal pathways from intervention to poverty reduction. Methodology and data are discussed in Section four while the fifth section presents the empirical results. The sixth section provides a more detailed examination of the cost-effectiveness of the KDDP in reducing poverty. Conclusions are drawn in the final section.

Impacts of Usaid/Kenya supported Agricultural Productivity Interventions on Household Income and Poverty Reduction