SJ WorldNews - шаблон joomla Авто

 Our Mandate

To conduct policy research and disseminate findings in an objective manner.

 Vision

A people forever free from hunger and poverty.

 Mission

To conduct pro-active policy research and advocacy that enhance food security, create wealth and sustain the environment.

  • We have the Latest from the 3ie Project

    We have the Latest from the 3ie Project

    Here's plain language summary from the project

  • 5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    Tegemeo's Josiah Masai soldiers on, as the Institute takes part in efforts geared towards rehabilitation of the Mau ecosystem and Njoro River.

  • 5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    Tegemeo's Eliud Kimaru crosses the finish line as the Institute takes part in efforts geared towards rehabilitation of the Mau ecosystem and Njoro River.

  • 5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    Tegemeo's Kevin Onyango crosses the finish line as the Institute takes part in efforts geared towards rehabilitation of the Mau ecosystem and Njoro River.

  • 5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    5th Edition Mau-Egerton Univ Cross Country, 2018

    Egerton VC Prof. Rose Mwonya nears the finish line in the cross country.

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Documenting our stakeholders engagement in the outreach agenda - Conference 2017 participants Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Dr. Miltone Ayieko, Tegemeo Institute officially welcomes participants to the conference.- Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Dr. Miltone Ayieko, Tegemeo Institute officially welcomes participants to the conference.- Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Prof. Rose Mwonya, Egerton University VC gives welcoming remarks during the conference.- Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Part of the Key guests during the conference, His Excellency Mr James Nyoro, Deputy Governor Kiambu County and Egerton University VC Prof. Rose Mwonya. - Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    His Excellency the Deputy Governor of Kiambu County Mr. James Nyoro gives the keynote address. - Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    His Excellency the Deputy Governor of Kiambu County Mr. James Nyoro gives the keynote address. - Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Participants keenly following the proceedings. - Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Participants keenly following the proceedings. - Conference Theme: Transforming Agriculture for Inclusive Growth and Sustainable Livelihoods

  • Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    Tegemeo Conference 2017, 5th-6th December 2017

    The media is a key stakeholder in Tegemeo's Research & Outreach agenda. We put in every effort to maximize their engagement in enhancing research dissemination and uptake.

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Tegemeo's Director Dr. Miltone Ayieko welcomes participants to the five day training, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Tegemeo's MLE Unit Director introduces participants to the five day training, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Dr Rosern Rwampororo, one of the trainers, takes the participants through the laid out course content, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Participants during interactive sessions, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Participants during interactive sessions, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Participants during interactive sessions, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Dr. Tesfaye Beshah, one of the trainers, takes the participants through the laid out course content, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Participants during interactive sessions, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Course on Monitoring Learning & Evaluation

    Participants group photo, 9-13 Oct 2017

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Participants at the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Participants at the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Participants at the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Tegemeo Director Dr. Miltone Ayieko addresses journalists during the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Tegemeo Director Dr. Miltone Ayieko addresses journalists during the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Kevin Onyango, Tegemeo Research Associate addresses participants of the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Dr. Dennis Otieno, Tegemeo's Research Fellow addresses participants of the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    ANNUAL COP SURVEY RELEASED, 5th October 2017

    Dr. Tim Njagi, Tegemeo's Research Fellow addresses participants of the breakfast forum held to share the 2017/2018 cropping year Cost Of Production Findings

  • Tegemeo Signs MOU with EAGC, 3rd July 2017

    Tegemeo Signs MOU with EAGC, 3rd July 2017

    The Memorandum Of Understanding creates a framework for collaboration that will improve research and analysis of agricultural trade, policy and advocacy.

  • Tegemeo Signs MOU with EAGC, 3rd July 2017

    Tegemeo Signs MOU with EAGC, 3rd July 2017

    The Memorandum Of Understanding creates a framework for collaboration that will improve research and analysis of agricultural trade, policy and advocacy.

  • Tegemeo Signs MOU with EAGC, 3rd July 2017

    Tegemeo Signs MOU with EAGC, 3rd July 2017

    The Memorandum Of Understanding creates a framework for collaboration that will improve research and analysis of agricultural trade, policy and advocacy.

  • Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo Institute's Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) - Unit hosts a Social Networking Event at the Conference

  • Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Guests have a good time at the Social Networking Event hosted by Tegemeo Institute's Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) - Unit

  • Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    The MLE unit team welcomes Dr. Florence Etta at the social dinner hosted by Tegemeo Institute's Measurement, Learning & Evaluation (MLE) - Unit

  • Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo Institute's Measurement Learning & Evaluation (MLE) Unit hosts a pre-conference workshop on Agricultural Data & Technology use, Kampala, Uganda Conference Dates - 27th–31st March, 2017

  • Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Tegemeo @ 8th AfrEA International Conference

    Dr. Mercy Kamau- Director MLE unit giving a synopsis of the of the Institute MLE agenda during the Social Networking Dinner

  • Tegemeo @ Egerton University 11th Conference

    Tegemeo @ Egerton University 11th Conference

    Egerton University VC Prof Rose Mwonya opens the 11th International Conference, 29th-31st March 2017, Njoro Nakuru

  • Tegemeo @ Egerton University 11th Conference

    Tegemeo @ Egerton University 11th Conference

    Tegemeo's Kevin Onyango presents at the 11th International Conference, 29th-31st March 2017, Njoro Nakuru Tegemeo Institute took part at the Egerton University 11th International Conference, 29th-31st March 2017

  • Tegemeo hosts Ella Workshop, 16th March 2017

    Tegemeo hosts Ella Workshop, 16th March 2017

    The Workshop focused on Land Tenure and Sustainable Pastoralist Systems and was held in Ololulung'a, Narok County

  • Tegemeo hosts Ella Workshop, 16th March 2017

    Tegemeo hosts Ella Workshop, 16th March 2017

    David Muntet, a pastoralist and beneficially of the ELLA Study Tour held in November 2016 shares lessons and experiences with the workshop participants.

  • Tegemeo Hosts Seed Conference, 8th February 2017

    Tegemeo Hosts Seed Conference, 8th February 2017

    Conference Theme: Enhancing Small-holder Productivity in Kenya: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial of New Seed Varieties

  • Tegemeo Hosts Seed Conference, 8th February 2017

    Tegemeo Hosts Seed Conference, 8th February 2017

    Conference Theme: Enhancing Small-holder Productivity in Kenya: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial of New Seed Varieties

  • Tegemeo at the Mau - Egerton Cross Country 2017

    Tegemeo at the Mau - Egerton Cross Country 2017

    Egerton University VC Prof. Rose Mwonya flags off the university staff race

  • Tegemeo at the Mau - Egerton Cross Country 2017

    Tegemeo at the Mau - Egerton Cross Country 2017

    Egerton University VC Prof. Rose Mwonya Crosses the finishing line

  • Tegemeo at the Mau - Egerton Cross Country 2017

    Tegemeo at the Mau - Egerton Cross Country 2017

    Part of the Tegemeo Staff Team at the "Run for the Mau Event"

  • Tegemeo Hosts 3rd Annual ReNAPRI Conference 2016

    Tegemeo Hosts 3rd Annual ReNAPRI Conference 2016

    Conference theme: “Anticipating Africa’s Agricultural Transformation Pathways in the Context of Climate Change: Lessons from the Current Regional Drought”

  • long shot during confe 2017

    long shot during confe 2017

  • Tegemeo Hosts 3rd Annual ReNAPRI Conference 2016

    Tegemeo Hosts 3rd Annual ReNAPRI Conference 2016

    Conference theme: “Anticipating Africa’s Agricultural Transformation Pathways in the Context of Climate Change: Lessons from the Current Regional Drought”

  • Tegemeo Hosts 3rd Annual ReNAPRI Conference 2016

    Tegemeo Hosts 3rd Annual ReNAPRI Conference 2016

    Conference theme: “Anticipating Africa’s Agricultural Transformation Pathways in the Context of Climate Change: Lessons from the Current Regional Drought”

  • TEGEMEO COST OF PRODUCTION ASSESMENT 2016

    TEGEMEO COST OF PRODUCTION ASSESMENT 2016

    Establishing Cost of Rice Production Year 2015

  • Tegemeo Cost of Production Assessment 2016

    Tegemeo Cost of Production Assessment 2016

    Tegemeo Hosts Breakfast Meeting on the Competitiveness of Key Food Staples in Kenya: Role of Production Costs and Pricing, 10 October 2016

Tegemeo Institute of Agricultural Policy and Development is a policy research institute under the Division of Research and Extension of Egerton University.

Research Topics

Tegemeo Institute Blog

  • Home
    Home This is where you can find all the blog posts throughout the site.
  • Tags
    Tags Displays a list of tags that have been used in the blog.
  • Team Blogs
    Team Blogs Find your favorite team blogs here.

Post-Harvest Losses: a Key Contributor to Food Insecurity in Kenya

Posted by on in Uncategorized
  • Font size: Larger Smaller
  • Hits: 811
  • Print

b2ap3_thumbnail_IMG-20170718-WA0016.jpgKey Messages
• The national maize post-harvest losses are estimated to be between 12 and 20 percent of the total national production. At a 5-year national average production of 40 million 90-kg bags, the loss is between 4.8 and 8 million bags annually.
• The estimated national monthly consumption of maize is 3.39 million bags. Kenya, therefore, loses an equivalent of over 1 month of consumption or an equivalent of a whole short rains harvest, estimated at an average of 5 million bags.
• Strategies to reduce the losses such as promotion and investment in better post-harvest produce handling and management practices as well as appropriate and efficient on-farm and off-farm storage technologies are urgently required.

In the face of serious food shortages experienced in early to mid-2017, Kenya’s food security continues to be a major concern to policy makers and the entire citizenry. Key questions on how Kenya can transition permanently to a food self-sufficient state continue to be asked by all stakeholders. Ironically, over 50 years after independence and with a number of legislations, policies and strategies, Kenya is still a food deficit country. However it is encouraging to note that in the recent past, the government has prioritised food security; currently food security is among the top four priorities to be addressed over the coming five years.

Maize remains the main staple crop for the country with a 5 year average production of 40 million bags against an estimated demand of 45–50 million bags annually. Maize consumption (food use only) is estimated at 3.39 million bags per month or 40.7 million bags per year. This means that if all the maize produced went to food use, the country would still need to import around 1 million bags to meet the maize demand for food. This is further complicated given the need for maize for other uses including industrial manufacturing, seed and animal feed, which account for 2, 1 and 2 percent respectively.

Post-harvest losses are estimated at 12 – 20 percent of the total national production. The losses mainly include spillages during handling, transportation, processing and marketing; rotting and aflatoxin contamination due to improper handling and inadequate/inappropriate storage technologies; losses to pests such as birds, insects and rodents; and, mechanical damages during farm level elementary processing and off-farm value addition. Together, these account for a loss of between 4.8 and 8 million bags annually. This loss would be enough to cover 1.4 months of consumption demand for the country.

Climate variability and change has also emerged strongly as a contributor to post-harvest losses. The changing climatic patterns have altered the maize harvesting period conditions in most parts of Kenya’s grain basket with harvesting coinciding with rains or humid conditions in October-November-December. These conditions not only hinder proper grain drying but also provide conducive conditions for grain pests and disease build-up. Farmers without proper storage facilities (majority of smallholders) suffer huge losses as their produce is either rained on, lost to rot or severely infested by pests and diseases. This is part of the reason why farmers sell their produce immediately after harvest when prices are rock bottom.

Post-harvest losses are a major contributor to food inadequacy and must, therefore, be effectively addressed as a strategy to achieve the much desired state of food security. Use of several strategies and technologies along the value chain can be regarded as low-hanging fruits towards efforts to improve maize supply in the country. Simple and practical technologies and innovations exist, which need to be disseminated and scaled up to minimize losses. For instance, at the farm level, farmers can reduce their losses through proper practices such as timely harvesting, proper drying, maintenance of storage hygiene, grain treatment and employment of better processing and transportation techniques. Use of metal/plastic silos and hermetic bags has been shown to significantly reduce losses from pests. Both the national and county governments need to also ensure better transport infrastructure; promote good on-farm and off-farm produce handling and management practices through extension service provision and warehouse receipt initiatives; promotion of use of effective storage and processing facilities to ensure minimal losses such as well calibrated and operational driers; and ensuring proper pest and disease control mechanisms in the production and marketing systems. Appropriate policies to address maize market imperfections and risks associated with climate change and variability, including price uncertainty will also aid in creating right incentives that will promote provision and accessibility to affordable and scalable solutions to the problem of post-harvest losses.

Report by Kevin Onyango and Dr. Lilian Kirimi

0

Thematic Areas

Watch our Videos

Please update your Flash Player to view content.

  linkedin

Subscribe to our newsletter

Style Setting

Fonts

Layouts

Direction

Template Widths

px  %

px  %